Carbon Footprint Report of Zhejiang Nature Outdoor Products Co., Ltd.
Zhejiang Nature Outdoor Products Co., Ltd.
Air Bed Carbon Footprint Report
Taizhou Yingruite Management Consulting Co., Ltd. June 2021
The products of carbon footprint evaluation include two parts: goods and services. The standards involved in product carbon footprint mainly include PAS 2050 and TSQ0010. Most of the existing carbon footprint evaluation cases use PAS2050 and its guidance documents published by the United Kingdom (BSI) in 2004 as evaluation standards. Product carbon footprint evaluation standards are basically based on life cycle evaluation
(LifeCycleAssesment, LCA) is a methodology that evaluates the carbon footprint of the product's entire life cycle, including not only a certain stage of the product, but also traced back to the raw material mining, manufacturing, and final disposal stages, all of which need to be included in the calculation of the carbon footprint. , To achieve this goal, it is necessary to apply the LCA method to improve the credibility and convenience of carbon footprint calculation. The International Organization for Standardization ISO has released the ISO14040/44 series of standards since 1996, and formulated the standard evaluation framework and steps for applying LCA to environmental management. In October 2004, the British Standards Institution published the PAS2050 implementation specification and its guidance documents to help companies evaluate the carbon footprint of a specific commodity and service, which is the first to evaluate the product life cycle through a unified method. Normative documents for greenhouse gas emissions in the country. At present, many international companies have tried to implement PAS2050, including Pepsi, Boots, Innocent, Marshall, Tesco, Cadbury, Coca-Cola, Kimberly-Clark, Scotch-Newcastle Brewing Company, United Agricultural Products Group, Sunsbury supermarket chain, Danone, France, etc.
1.2 Significance and role of carbon footprint
For companies, determining the carbon footprint of a product is the first step in reducing carbon emissions. It helps companies truly understand the impact of products on climate change, and thus take feasible measures to reduce carbon emissions in the supply chain; Carbon footprint analysis provides consumers with product carbon footprint information, allowing consumers to have a quantitative understanding of the environmental impact of product production, and then guide their consumption decisions.
Through product carbon footprint analysis, companies can improve internal operations, save energy and reduce emissions, and save costs. It can also be used as a marketing strategy to help companies gain competitive advantages. It is also an effective way to meet market demands, enhance corporate reputation, and promote communication. At the same time, it can effectively resist the impact of foreign "carbon tariff" and domestic "carbon tax" policy implementation on enterprises.
1.3 Main principles and objectives
1.3.1 Main principles
1. The evaluation and notification of product carbon footprint using a life cycle perspective should consider all stages of the product life cycle,
Includes raw material acquisition, production, distribution, use and end-of-life stages. 2. Correlation selection is applicable to the evaluation of GHG emissions and removals of the product system under evaluation.
data and methods.
3. Integrity product carbon footprint evaluation should include all materials that have a substantial contribution to the product carbon footprint
Greenhouse gas emissions and removals.
4. Consistency The same assumptions, methods and
data in order to arrive at conclusions consistent with the evaluation objectives and content.
5. Uniform selection of methodologies, standards and guidance that have been recognized and adopted in a certain product category
Documentation to improve comparability between product carbon footprints for any given product category. 6. Accuracy Ensure that product carbon footprint quantification and reporting are accurate, verifiable, relevant,
Not misleading and with as little bias and uncertainty as possible. 7. Transparency Records of all relevant issues should be presented in a public manner.
All relevant assumptions, methodologies used and data sources should be described in the evaluation report. All estimates should be clearly explained and biases avoided so that the product carbon footprint assessment report truthfully states its content.
8. Avoid double counting Avoid duplication of GHG emissions and removals from the evaluated product system
calculations, and avoid allocation of GHG emissions and removals already considered by other product systems.
9. Impartiality Clarify that the product carbon footprint notification is based on considering only the single impact of climate change
type of product carbon footprint assessment that does not address comprehensive environmental benefits or broader environmental impacts.
Analyze and evaluate the resources, energy utilization and environmental pollutant emissions involved in the entire production life cycle of the enterprise air bed, and diagnose the resource and environmental problems related to the air bed in the existing production and waste treatment system. Seek opportunities and countermeasures to improve the environmental performance of air mattresses.
1.4 Related terms
1. Greenhouse gas (GHG) occurs naturally in the atmosphere or is produced by human activities and can be absorbed and emitted
The gaseous component of radiation with wavelengths in the infrared spectrum produced by the Earth's surface, atmosphere, and clouds.
Note: Generally include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide
(N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6).
2. The global warming potential (GWP) refers to the influence of the radiation intensity of a certain greenhouse gas per unit mass in a given period of time.
is the coefficient associated with the effect of equivalent carbon dioxide radiation intensity. 3. Carbondioxide equivalent (CO2e) The contribution of various greenhouse gases to the enhancement of the greenhouse effect can be measured according to the emission of CO2
This conversion amount is called carbon dioxide equivalent. Note: The carbon dioxide equivalent of a greenhouse gas is equal to the mass of a given gas multiplied by its
global warming potential.
4. Greenhouse gas emissions
The amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere.
[ISO/TS14067:2013, definition 184.108.40.206]
5. Greenhouse Gas Removal
The amount of greenhouse gases removed from the atmosphere.
[ISO/TS14067:2013, definition 220.127.116.11]
6. Greenhouse gas emission or removal factor
A factor that relates activity data to greenhouse gas emissions or removals.
[ISO14064-1:2006, definition 2.7]
7. Carbon storage carbonstorage removes carbon from the atmosphere and stores it in products. [ISO/TS14067:2013, definition 18.104.22.168]
any goods or services.
Note 1: Products can be classified as follows:
- hardware (e.g. engine mechanical parts);
- processed materials (e.g. lubricants, minerals, fuels);
- unprocessed materials (e.g. agricultural products);
- services (e.g. transport, carrying out various activities, electricity supply);
- software (eg computer programs).
Note 2: Products referred to in this document specifically refer to tangible products such as hardware, processed materials, and unprocessed materials.
[ISO/TS14067:2013, definition 22.214.171.124]
9. Product system productsystem
A collection of unit processes that have basic flow and product flow, perform one or more specific functions, and simulate the product life cycle.
[GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.28]
Two or more products produced in the same unit process or product system.
[GB24040:2008, Definition 3.10]
11. Intermediate product intermediate product
The output of a process unit that is continuously transformed as input to other process units is also required in the system.
[GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.23]
12. Process A set of interrelated or interacting activities that transform inputs into outputs. [GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.11]
13, unit process unitprocess
The most basic part of a life cycle assessment identified to quantify input and output data.
[GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.34]
14, functional unit functionalunit is based on the benchmark unit used to quantify the performance of the product system. Note: The functional unit can be mass or quantity unit, such as 1kg of rice, 1m of rope
A sub, which can also be a unit of sale, such as a carton of milk or a carton of milk.
[GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.20]
15, elementary flow elementaryflow
Matter or energy taken from the environment that has not been artificially transformed before entering the system under evaluation, or material or energy that leaves the system under evaluation and is no longer artificially transformed after entering the environment.
[GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.12]
16, product flow productflow
Products from other product systems enter into the evaluated product system or leave the evaluated product system into other product systems.
[GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.27]
17. Input input
The flow of products, matter, and energy into a unit process.
Note 1: Products and substances include raw materials, intermediate products and co-products.
NOTE 2 "Energy flow" refers to the input or output measured in energy units in a unit process or product system.
[GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.21; Note 2 from GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.13]
18. Output The product, material, and energy flow that leaves a unit process. Note: Products and substances include raw materials, intermediate products, co-products and emissions. [GB/T24040-2008, definition 3.29]
19. Product category product category Product group with the same function. [GB/T24025-2009, definition 3.12]
20. Product category rule (PCR) A series of specific preparations for the preparation of Type III environmental declarations for one or more product categories
Rules, Requirements and Guidelines.
Note 1 to entry: Product category rules include quantification rules in accordance with ISO 14044. Note 2: See 3.2 of ISO14025:2006 for the definition of "Type III environmental declaration". [ISO/TS14067:2013, definition 126.96.36.199]
21. The carbon footprint of a product (CFP) is based on a life cycle assessment that only considers the impact of climate
The sum of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from a product system expressed in carbon equivalent.
[ISO/TS14067:2013, definition 188.8.131.52]
22. Product carbon footprint identification CFPlabel
A logo on a product that shows the carbon footprint of the product under a specific product category in accordance with the product carbon footprint notification requirements.
[ISO/TS14067:2013, definition 184.108.40.206]
23. Product Carbon Footprint Verification CFPverification
The process of verifying that specific requirements related to the evaluation and notification of a product's carbon footprint have been met, through evidence.
[ISO/TS14067:2013, definition 220.127.116.11]
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